Journals | The Meteorological Society of New Zealand


Weather and Climate is the official journal of the Meteorological Society of New Zealand (Inc.), PO Box 6523, Marion Square, Wellington, 6141, New Zealand. Any opinions, statements or recommendations expressed in this journal are those of the respective author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Meteorological Society of New Zealand (Inc.).

Contributions to Weather and Climate are welcome on any meteorological or climatological subject, but preference will be given to contributions related to New Zealand and/or the Southwest Pacific. Authors are requested to write in a style similar to that followed by Weather and Climate. Papers received for publication will normally be submitted to two reviewers for their comments, but the right of the Editor to accept, reject or request modifications to manuscripts is reserved. Intending contributors should carefully read 'Information for Contributors to Weather and Climate' below. Observance of the editorial requirements outlined here will ensure that contributions are considered promptly for publication. Articles for publication should preferably be about 3000 words in length, but short contributions are also welcome.

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Information for Contributors to Weather and Climate
1. Submission
Manuscripts should be submitted to the Editor (Dr Jennifer Salmond) in an electronic format. A cover page should include contact details (including telephone and fax numbers and email Address, if available) for the author to whom correspondence should be addressed. There are no page charges. Papers are accepted for publication on the understanding that they have not been published nor are in the process of being published elsewhere; that all authors and any relevant authorities have approved publication; and that if the paper is accepted for publication, exclusive copyright is assigned to the Meteorological Society of New Zealand (Inc.).

2. Manuscripts
Manuscripts should be typed on A4 paper using double spacing, with margins of 3 cm on both the left-hand and right hand sides of the page. All pages should be portrait layout and numbered. The title page should include:

  • the title
  • a short running title for page headings
  • the initials, name and full address of each author
  • keywords

An abstract of 100-200 words must be included after the title page. In the body of the paper, please follow the system of headings and sub-headings used in the latest issue of Weather and Climate. If possible use Arial Typeface.

3. Illustrations
All graphs, diagrams and similar illustrative material must be suitable for reproduction in portrait layout without being retouched or redrawn. If an electronic version is not supplied, a master copy (in addition to the two manuscript copies) should be supplied and this should be at least twice as large as the intended final size. Check that all lettering will still be legible after the figure is reduced to fit the portrait layout page. Colour illustrations may be used at the editor's discretion but may incur a special charge. There should be a caption providing explanation for each illustration, and each illustration must be numbered and referred to in the text. Write the figure number lightly on the back in soft pencil. Electronic versions can be read in
most formats but TIFF (.tif) or JPEG (jpg) are preferred.

4. Tables
Tables should be typed following the format used in the latest issue of Ií/eather and Climate, without vertical lines separating columns. They should be numbered and captioned, as for illustrations. Units should be given in the column headings or the caption. If possible use Times New Roman Typeface.

5. Footnotes
Avoid using footnotes if possible.

6. References
References to published work should be cited in the text with author's name (or up to two authors' names) and the year of publication in parentheses, e.g. Smith (1972) or (Smith, 1972). The full reference should be given in a fist in alphabetical order at the end of the paper, following the convention used in this issue of the journal.

7. Publication ethics and malpractice
Please see the information here for details of the publication ethics and malpractice guidelines that are followed by Weather and Climate.

Search Publications:

Year Title Author(s)
2014 New Zealand climate: patterns of drought 1941/42 – 2012/13 M. J. Salinger, A. S. Porteous
2014 A case study of Tropical Cyclone Wilma, January 2011 C. Revell, S. Ready, J. Renwick, H. Diamond
2014 Evaluation of interpolated daily temperature data for high elevation areas in New Zealand A. Tait, G. Macara
2014 Secular changes in New Zealand rainfall characteristics 1950-2009 L. Harrington, J. Renwick
2014 Book reviews: Three books on climate change B. Giles
2013 Estimation of regional departures from global-average sea-level rise around New Zealand from AOGCM simulations D. Ackerley, R. Bell, B. Mullan, H. McMillan
2013 Using a non-professional automatic weather station network for mesoanalysis in Auckland, New Zealand B. Giles
2013 Classification of synoptic weather types using the self-organising map and its application to climate and air quality data visualisation N. Jiang, K. Dirks, K. Luo
2013 New Zealand six main centre extreme rainfall trends 1962-2011 G. Griffiths
2013 Book Review K. Richards
2012 Editorial B. Giles
2012 Regional climate modelling in New Zealand: Comparison to gridded and satellite observations D. Ackerley, S. Dean, A. Sood, B. Mullan
2012 Applying the Rhoades and Salinger Method to New Zealand’s “Seven-Station” Temperature Series B. Mullan
2012 Military Meteorology and the New Zealand Defence Force Strategic Vision M. Ruglys
2012 Relationship between the Southern Oscillation and rainfall in Vanuatu R. Tigona, C. de Freitas
2012 Sunburn versus vitamin D induced by UV from solaria and sunlight in New Zealand R. McKenzie, R. Scragg, B. Liley, P. Johnston, J. Wishart, A. Reeder
2012 Book Review B. Giles
2012 Editorial: Responding to changing urban climates J. Salmond
2012 The Urban Impacts Toolbox: An overview A. Tait, S. Allan, S. Oldfield, A. Semadeni-Davies
2012 The Urban Impacts Toolbox: An example of modelling the effect of climate change and sea level rise on future flooding H. McMillan, M. Duncan, G. Smart, J. Sturman, S. Poyck, S. Reese, A. Tait, E. Hreinsson, J. Walsh
2012 The Urban Impacts Toolbox: An initial assessment of climate change flood adaptation options for Westport N. Keenan, S. Oldfield
2011 Kidson’s Synoptic Weather Types and Surface Climate Variability over New Zealand J. Renwick
2011 Drivers of extreme daily rainfalls in New Zealand G. Griffiths
2011 Linking synoptic weather types to daily rainfall in Auckland N. Jiang, G. Griffiths, K. Dirks
2011 Albany Tornado, Tuesday 03 May 2011 P. Kreft, J. Crouch
2011 The Seabreeze 2009 experiment: investigating the impact of ocean and atmospheric processes on radar performance in the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand S. Garrett, D. Cook, R. Marshall
2010 Climate Change adaptation options for Greater Wellington Regional Council’s wholesale water supply R. Ibbitt, G. Williams
2010 Changes in precipitation extremes for New Zealand: climate model predictions T. Carey-Smith, S. Dean, J. Vial, C. Thompson
2010 High Resolution Observation of a Small Tornado, Ardmore, New Zealand L. Sutherland-Stacey, P. Shucksmith, G. Austin
2009 Learning About the Weather in Early Colonial New Zealand P. Holland, V. Wood, P. Dixon
2009 Statistical Downscaling of New Zealand Climate J. Renwick, B. Mullan, A. Porteous
2009 Downscaling 15-day Ensemble Weather Forecasts and Extension to Short-term Climate Outlooks J. Renwick, B. Mullan, C. Thompson, A. Porteous
2009 Interpolation of daily solar radiation for New Zealand using a satellite data-derived cloud cover surface A. Tait, B. Liley
2009 Book Reviews B. Giles, K. Dirks
2009 Corrigendum to Volume 28 Editor
2008 A Hypothetical Explanation of Unusual Barometric Oscillations: A Case Study J. Hessell
2008 Future projections of growing degree days and frost in New Zealand and some implications for grape growing A. Tait
2008 Comments on “Estimates of sources of air pollution in Christchurch compared with recorded concentrations” by Pat Palmer (Weather and Climate, Volume 27, pp65-76) N. Gimson
2008 Book Reviews R. McKenzie, B. Giles
2008 Corrigendum to Volume 27 Editor
1999 On regional model simulations of climate change over New Zealand J. Renwick, J. Katzfey, J. McGregor, K. Nguyen
1999 Topoclimate South: Integrated climate and soil mapping in Southland J. Purdie, G. Hutchinson, D. Allen
1999 Modelling of atmospheric climate variations at NIWA B. Bhaskaran, B. Mullan, S. George
1999 Book Review E. Bryant
1998 Intradecadal effects on New Zealand temperatures caused by significant El Nino events J. Hessell
1998 New Zealand climate: The impact of major volcanic eruptions M. J. Salinger
1998 Modelling the spatial variation of wind S. Reid, M. Bell, J. Copeland
1997 Modelling of channelled winds in high wind areas of New Zealand S. Reid
1997 A comparison of annual South Pacific island and ocean surface temperatures C. Folland, J. Salinger, N. Rayner
1997 Stable layers in the lower troposphere at Paraparaumu S. Reid
1997 Bloggs family alive and well E. Brenstrum
1997 An alternate method of representing 2-dimensional principal components: A climatological example A. Tait, L. Kavalieris, B. B. Fitzharris
1997 Meteorological limits on the use of New Zealand airports for flight training T. Steiner
1997 The OASIS experience: Comparison of aircraft and tower-based flux measurements P. Isaac, J. McAneney
1996 The weather of windblown sediment: Aeolian processes within the New Zealand landscape H. McGowan
1996 UV radiation in New Zealand: North-to-south differences between two sites, and relationship to other latitudes R. McKenzie, G. Bodeker, D. Keep, M. Kotkamp, J. Evans
1996 Cook and the weather E. Brenstrum
1996 Book Review S. Turton
1996 Is hydro inflow forecasting an oxymoron? K. Devine
1996 Painting images: The art and science of monthly climate prediction M. J. Salinger
1996 Kiwifruit boom or bust: The effect of climatic variation on kiwifruit production R. Martin
1996 May the odds be with you - Seasonal and multi-seasonal prediction M. Voice, G. Beard, C. Mullen
1996 No regrets: Insurance response to weather related risk D. Sargeant
1995 History of the Campbell Island Meteorological Station T. Quayle
1995 Campbell Island upper air data impact study J. Travers, J. Heming
1995 An extended climatology of extratropical cyclones over the Southern Hemisphere M. Sinclair
1995 Editorial: Climate change: Regionalizing a global phenomenon J. Hay
1995 Implications of climate change and sea-level rise for small island nations of the South Pacific: A regional synthesis J. Hay, C. Kaluwin, N. Koop
1995 Progress towards climate change scenarios for the Southwest Pacific A. B. Pittock, M. Dix, K. Hennessy, J. Katzfey, K. McInnes, S. O'Farrell, I. Smith, R. Suppiah, K. Walsh, P. Whetton, S. Wilson, D. Jackett, T. McDougall
1995 Potential effects of climate and land use change on soil carbon and CO2 emissions from New Zealand's indigenous forests and unimproved grasslands A. Parshotam, K. Tate, D. Giltrap
1995 Long-term variation of rainfall erosivity in Sydney B. Yu
1994 Presidential Address: Climate and weather forecasting: Prediction, chaos, divination, or guess? B. B. Fitzharris
1994 Summer convection over the southern North Island A. Neale, C. Revell
1994 Coastal wind patterns revealed by hourly reports from a ship at sea E. Brenstrum
1994 Meso-scale convective activity associated with a low-level wind maxima: A case study E. Brenstrum
1994 Theories on progressive desiccation and desertification: Reassessing the drought hazard C. de Freitas
1994 Assessment of the significance of the 1994 drought in Auckland A. Fowler
1993 Evaluation of past climate using borehole temperature measurements P. Whiteford
1993 Climatological seesaws in the Southwest Pacific J. Hay, J. Salinger, B. B. Fitzharris, R. Basher
1993 Synoptic and local effects on the climate of the Waimate area, South Canterbury H. McGowan, A. Sturman
1993 Drought in northern Nigeria: An indication of abrupt climatic change? E. Oladipo
1993 The surface reflectance of snow tussock R. Brown, B. B. Fitzharris
1993 Cloud heads - Precursors to rapid cyclogenesis M. Pascoe
1993 Erythemal UV at 45ºS: Longitudinal and secular variability G. Bodeker, R. McKenzie
1993 The Southern Oscillation Index and climatic parameters, and their relationship to snow and ski conditions at Mt. Ruapehu, New Zealand F. West, T. Healy
1992 South Pacific environments: Their interactions with weather and climate J. Hay
1992 Climate and groundwater resources on atolls and small islands R. Buddemeier
1992 Developing regional climate change scenarios for the South Pacific A. B. Pittock
1992 A biologist's view of marine climate W. Ballantine
1992 Lee cyclogenesis in New Zealand - A prediction scheme R. Pascoe
1992 Atmospheric circulation processes and features in the tropical Southwest Pacific B. Mullan
1992 Credibility of public weather forecasts: A Wairarapa perspective A. Neale
1992 Monthly anticyclonicity and cyclonicity in the Southern Hemisphere: Averages for March and September R. Leighton
1992 Erythemal and carcinogenic ultraviolet radiation at three New Zealand cities M. White, G. Smith , K. Ryan, R. Coppell, D. Seashell , C. Edmunds, R. McKenzie
1992 Wahine storm damage in Wellington 10 April 1968 M. Gee
1992 'End of an Era' New Zealand meteorological service scientific conferences E. Farkas
1991 Application of a simple model to calculate latitudinal and hemispheric differences in ultraviolet radiation R. McKenzie
1991 Analysis of climatic data for the chateau, Mt Ruaphehu (1930-1988), in relation to climatic change F. West, T. Healy
1991 Presidential Address: Winds of change R. Smith
1991 Climate-change science D S Wratt, A B Mullan, T S Clarkson, M J Salinger
1991 Some aspects of the distribution of frost over New Zealand S. Goulter
1990 Editorial: Why the 'roaring forties' do not roar all the time S. Reid
1990 Climate impact studies from scenarios: Help or hindrance? A. Fowler, C. de Freitas
1990 'Reset' minimum temperatures at Christchurch and forecast accuracy R. Ridley
1990 The Canterbury/Kaikoura storm of January 19, 1988 R. Pascoe, J. Lopdell, M. Sinclair
1990 What's in a name? R. Smith
1990 Editorial: Gusts, turbulence and mean speed S. Reid
1990 Southerly buster events in New Zealand R. Ridley
1990 The greenhouse effect: What consequences for seasonality of pasture production? B. Butler, C. Matthew, R. Heerdegen
1990 Impact of climate change on invertebrate pests in New Zealand R. Watson, R. Pottinger
1989 Editorial M. Uddstrom, A. Sturman
1989 Presidential Address J. McGregor
1989 A review of topoclimatology in New Zealand B. B. Fitzharris
1989 Evaluation of spatially-averaged fluxes of heat, mass and momentum in the urban boundary layer T. Oke, H. Cleugh, S. Grimmond, H. PSchmid , M. Roth
1989 Orographic influence on urban climate H. Wanner, P. Filliger
1989 Snow avalanche forecasting by discriminant function analysis G. McGregor
1989 Asthma and weather: relationship of weather to asthma attacks in Wellington P. Bruce
1989 Rain and black spot infection P. Bruce
1988 Presidential Address: Weather and Sport G. Ward
1988 Assessing air pollution potential at a large industrial site – a climatology of deep inversions, mixing heights and atmospheric stability at Aramoana B. B. Fitzharris, C. Cosgrove, J. Symon
1988 Can we reduce the hail problem? J. Steiner
1988 Climatic reconstruction from tree rings A. Fowler
1988 Book Reviews R. Smith, J, de Lisle
1988 Operational frost predictions with a simple probability model S. Goulter, D. Vere-Jones
1988 An evaluation of the heating degree-day index R. Heerdegen
1988 Book Reviews C. Thompson, E. Williamson, I. Kerr, A. Porteous
1987 Presidential Address: "La Ronde" - the atmosphere viewed as part of an enormous cosmological roundabout G. Ward
1987 Radiation transfer through an artificial fog used in frost prevention M. Smith, F. Knox
1987 Sunburning ultraviolet radiation at Invercargill, New Zealand S. Nichol, R. Basher
1987 Kiwifruit development the effect of temperature on budburst and flowering M. Morley-Bunker, J. Salinger
1987 The 1986/87 hurricane season in the South Pacific C. Revell
1987 Bioclimates of heat and cold stress in New Zealand C. de Freitas
1987 The Canterbury plains north-easterly I. McKendry, A. Sturman, I. Owens
1986 Weather forecasts: What do they mean? A. Neale
1986 Atmospheric circulation and monthly precipitation distribution in Canterbury, New Zealand A. Sturman
1986 Spatial patterns of precipitation in central Canterbury, New Zealand T. Trewinnard, A. Tomlinson
1986 Ozone and the stratosphere E. Farkas
1986 A random survey of the use of weather forecasts by farmers in Otago B. B. Fitzharris, G. Kearsley
1986 Meteorological factors and avalanche probabilities, Craigieburn Range, New Zealand G. McGregor
1986 Tropical cyclone Namu C. Revell
1986 The cross-equatorial pressure gradient and summer monsoon rainfall in northern and central Australia in January 1974 A. Gordon
1986 Breaking waves and rotors C. Revell
1985 Presidential Address: Weather forecasting: Magic, art, science and hypnosis A. Neale
1985 Tropical cyclone wind probability forecasting for the southern hemisphere J. Jarrell, S. Brand
1985 Are New Zealand's sheep causing an increase in atmospheric methane? D. Lowe
1985 Wellington wind lore P. Dickson
1985 A day in the life of the weather administrator: 15 March 1994 W. Sewell, W. J. Maunder
1985 Tropical cyclone ‘Saba' C. Revell
1985 Manawatu wind studies: Speed-up over a ridge S. Reid
1985 A multivariate technique for estimating New Zealand temperature normals D. Norton
1985 The weather and smallbore rifle shooting C. O'Brien
1984 Presidential Address: Climatology: Past, present, future… A personal view W. J. Maunder
1984 A random survey of the public use of weather forecasts in Dunedin G. Kearsley, B. B. Fitzharris
1984 Enhancement and display of meteorological satellite imagery J. Kidson , B. Taylor
1984 Accuracy of weather forecasts A. Thompson
1984 Weather lore in Aratus' Phaenomena D. Kidd
1984 A trans-Tasman dust transport event F. Collyer, B. Barnes, G. Churchman, T. Clarkson, J. Steiner
1984 Extreme winds and forest devastation resulting from cyclone 'Bernie' R. Littlejohn
1984 A study of atmospheric circulation over the South Island of New Zealand (1961-1980) A. Sturman, A. Trewinnard , P. Gorman
1984 A new map of the rainfall patterns below 1600 mm for the Canterbury high country M. Belton , N. Ledgard
1984 Charles Torlesse: A pioneer recorder of Canterbury weather 1849-1858 M. Roche
1984 Book Reviews W. J. Maunder, M. Laidlaw, B. Mullan
1983 Presidential Address: The weather game W. J. Maunder
1983 High resolution satellite imagery of the New Zealand area: a view of mesoscale cloud vortices C. Revell
1983 Implementation and verification of an empirical solar radiation model for horticultural applications W. Henshall, K. Young
1983 Forecasting for early flying boat operations to New Zealand B. Buxton
1983 Notes: Tropical cyclone 'Isaac', 28 February – 3 March 1982 S. Reddy
1983 Snowpack structure and climate, Mount Egmont, New Zealand M. Marcus, R. Moore
1983 A pilot avalanche forecasting project for the Craigieburn Range, New Zealand B. B. Fitzharris, D. McNulty, I. Owens, I . Miller
1983 Tropical cyclone 'Oscar' M. Browne , R. Krishna
1983 Book Reviews E. Farkas, R. Basher, H. Babbage, W. J. Maunder
1982 Presidential Address: The future path of meteorology J. Steiner
1982 New Zealand climate: Scenarios for a warm high-CO2 world M. J. Salinger
1982 Reassessment of weather forecast terminology and content C. de Freitas, K. Wells
1982 High resolution satellite imagery of the New Zealand area: a view of lee waves C. Revell
1982 Flood producing rain in Thames-Coromandel, New Zealand, April 1981 B. Collen , J. Hassell
1982 Editorial: What lies ahead? J. Hickman
1982 Those illusive decimal points K. Revfeim
1982 Climate of the Nadi region, Fiji S. K. Sharma
1982 The flood of 1 April 1975 in the Wairau River, Marlborough, New Zealand R. Pascoe
1982 A three year meteorological cycle A. Gordon
1982 Is December Canterbury's wettest month? S. Goulter
1982 Book Reviews T. Shaw, M. J. Salinger
1981 Editorial: The economic climate W. J. Maunder
1981 Modelling average winter smoke pollution over the Christchurch urban area M. Stokes, P. Tyson
1981 Engineering aspects of the wind A. Bowen
1981 Southern hemisphere general circulation and its variability K. Trenberth
1981 A meteorologst's role in an Olympic yachting team H. Kingham
1981 Wind constraints to agricultural productivity J. Sturrock
1981 Book Reviews S. Hurnard, G. Ward, I. Brown, J. Hessell, D. Wratt, H. Hill, W. J. Maunder
1981 How cumulus clouds work J. Steiner
1981 Incidence of wind and snow on rural electrical reticulation D. Harris
1981 The Nelson sea breeze in southwesterly airstreams G. Thompson , A. Neale
1981 Climatology: The impact of the seventies and the challenge for the eighties J. Mather, R. Field, L. Kalkstein, C. J. Willmott, W. J. Maunder
1981 Changeable climate therapy or hazard? P. Dickson
1981 Book Reviews C. Thompson, S. Reid, J. Kidson, G. Ward, T. Clarkson, J. Salinger, N. Gordon
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